The islands are, unlike the Norwegian Antarctic Territory , a part of the Kingdom of Norway and not a dependency. The treaty came into effect in , following the Svalbard Act. All forty signatory countries of the treaty have the right to conduct commercial activities on the archipelago without discrimination, although all activity is subject to Norwegian legislation. The treaty limits Norway’s right to collect taxes to that of financing services on Svalbard. Therefore, Svalbard has a lower income tax than mainland Norway, and there is no value added tax. There is a separate budget for Svalbard to ensure compliance. Svalbard is a demilitarized zone , as the treaty prohibits the establishment of military installations. Norwegian military activity is limited to fishery surveillance by the Norwegian Coast Guard as the treaty requires Norway to protect the natural environment.
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I do not have any myself but like many members I can not yet easily post quality digital images either, so again I’m just asking if you’re aware of any? If you can post scanned images that’s even better. I’m patient and do expect we will eventually see some details fill in for Svea. Thanks Brochures etc.: There are several s Svea brochures in ref section, attaching firm years to the brochures is elusive. Complete Product Catalogs provided by the stove makers are the best reference, but any new Svea library reference posts re the range would be nice to see.
The Antarctica component of postglacial rebound model ICE-6G_C (VM5a) based on GPS positioning, exposure age dating of ice thicknesses, and relative sea level histories.
Manly Skills , Outdoors How to Choose a Camp Stove The question of how to choose a camp stove sometimes ends up being a discussion with the rancor of a religious debate. Ultralighters, basecampers, and everyone in-between has an opinion. There are many stoves on the market, and almost all have unique features that give them their niche.
Stoves are usually divided up into two main categories: They are often further divided into basecamp and portable stoves. Capacity for larger pots. For canister stoves, the heat costs a little more. I lumped the basecamp stoves into one category as they are more or less identical in their functions.
How to Choose a Camp Stove
This stove, in Jeff Johnson’s collection, is shown with an optional Primus toaster. The pump handle is visible on the end of the tank. The flame guard has a pour spout for filling the alcohol cup. The tank cap is held by a chain when not in use for packing the stove with fuel. This Model 71E Primus brand stove was made in
Svea Camp Stove – Classic, still being made. Burns any unleaded gas. Find this Pin and more on photos by Hal Birdsong. The Svea camping stove. Used white gas. .
Found on Harvard diplomas, it carries the university’s original motto, Christo et Ecclesiae “For Christ and Church” ,   later changed to Veritas “Truth”. In , it acquired British North America ‘s first known printing press. A publication gave the school’s purpose as “to advance learning and perpetuate it to posterity, dreading to leave an illiterate ministry to the churches when our present ministers shall lie in the dust”;  in its early years trained many Puritan ministers.
It was never affiliated with any particular denomination, but many of its earliest graduates went on to become clergymen in Congregational and Unitarian churches. In , John Leverett became the first president who was not also a clergyman, marking a turning of the college from Puritanism and toward intellectual independence. Henry Ware was elected to the chair in , and the liberal Samuel Webber was appointed to the presidency of Harvard two years later, which signaled the changing of the tide from the dominance of traditional ideas at Harvard to the dominance of liberal, Arminian ideas defined by traditionalists as Unitarian ideas.
Agassiz’s approach was distinctly idealist and posited Americans’ “participation in the Divine Nature” and the possibility of understanding “intellectual existences”. Agassiz’s perspective on science combined observation with intuition and the assumption that a person can grasp the “divine plan” in all phenomena. When it came to explaining life-forms, Agassiz resorted to matters of shape based on a presumed archetype for his evidence.
This dual view of knowledge was in concert with the teachings of Common Sense Realism derived from Scottish philosophers Thomas Reid and Dugald Stewart , whose works were part of the Harvard curriculum at the time. The popularity of Agassiz’s efforts to “soar with Plato” probably also derived from other writings to which Harvard students were exposed, including Platonic treatises by Ralph Cudworth , John Norris and, in a Romantic vein, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
The library records at Harvard reveal that the writings of Plato and his early modern and Romantic followers were almost as regularly read during the 19th century as those of the “official philosophy” of the more empirical and more deistic Scottish school. Eliot , president — , eliminated the favored position of Christianity from the curriculum while opening it to student self-direction.
While Eliot was the most crucial figure in the secularization of American higher education, he was motivated not by a desire to secularize education, but by Transcendentalist Unitarian convictions.
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More than , Italian soldiers died on the battlefields of World War I. The birth of the Kingdom of Italy was the result of efforts by Italian nationalists and monarchists loyal to the House of Savoy to establish a united kingdom encompassing the entire Italian Peninsula. In the context of the liberal revolutions that swept through Europe, an unsuccessful war was declared on Austria. In —61, general Giuseppe Garibaldi led the drive for unification in Naples and Sicily,  allowing the Sardinian government led by the Count of Cavour to declare a united Italian kingdom on 17 March Finally, as France during the disastrous Franco-Prussian War of abandoned its garrisons in Rome, the Italians rushed to fill the power gap by taking over the Papal States.
The Piedmontese Albertine Statute of , extended to the whole Kingdom of Italy in , provided for basic freedoms, but electoral laws excluded the non-propertied and uneducated classes from voting.
Two sediment cores from the West Spitsbergen area, Euro-Arctic margin, MD and MD, have been investigated for paleoceanographic proxies, including benthic and planktonic foraminifera, benthic foraminiferal stable isotopes and ice rafted debris.
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I have decided that this topic deserves a thread of its own. Aspects of this have appeared in a number of other posts in this last week. In the Instructions Forum two Svea documents have been published which seem to indicate that Svea first appeared as early as Anther was posted by roby03 here.
This exceptionally well-preserved material gives evidence of a lagoonal environment surrounded by a pine-dominated forest, which was inhabited by Mesolithic humans during two low-stand phases of the Baltic Basin, from the Yoldia Sea stage to the Initial Littorina Sea stage c. A multi-proxy stratigraphic approach was applied to the sediment record, including pollen, diatom, organic and inorganic elemental analyses.
This stratigraphic dataset is explored in the context of detailed bathymetry of the area based on multibeam echo sounding and surveillance and sampling of artefacts by divers. The investigated sediment sequence reflects a stable, highly productive lagoonal environment with an unusually high sediment accumulation rate at c. The uppermost 1-m part of the sequence represents a destabilized depositional environment interpreted as reflecting an increased influence of brackish water due to the approaching coastline during the Littorina transgression.
The shore-level displacement in the area is characterized by rapid water-level fluctuations. Several unprecedented archaeological findings made in the study area are presented and discussed, including stationary fishing constructions, dated to c. These constructions, the oldest known in Northern Europe, indicate extensive riverine and lagoonal fishing, previously not recorded during the Mesolithic in Sweden.
How to Choose a Camp Stove
This revision of its predecessor ICE-5G VM2 has been constrained to fit all available geological and geodetic observations, consisting of: Our new model fits the totality of these data well. An additional nine GPS-determined site velocities are also estimated for locations known to be influenced by modern ice loss from the Pine Island Bay and Northern Antarctic Peninsula regions.
@Lindon-Svea is a 36 year old Bisexual Female from Lindon, Utah, United States of America. She is looking for Chat, Friendship, Casual, Other Activities, Relationship and Workout Partner. She is looking for Chat, Friendship, Casual, Other Activities, Relationship and Workout Partner.
Or how I came to love my Svea. Primus 71 and Svea r Well the biggest question from critics along the way, and what you are probably asking right now, is what is a SVEA r and why the hell would you use it, especially for alpine climbing and winter camping? Its been in production in its current form for over 60 years and has a lineage of design dating back over Its still in production today however, the current models are no longer made in Sweden, but Taiwan bummer.
Why did I take this dated design alpine climbing? A Svea Primus71 variant at m on Nanga Parabat in Note the Trangia spirit burner to the right. The Svea only has the on off regulator, and the self cleaning pricker. The only other part that I can see wearing out in the near future due to wear is the fuel tank cap gasket, which I carry a spare at all times.
Basic Operation The Svea is powered by whitegas aka coleman fuel, unleaded, and naptha, which is a gasoline like paint thinner available at the hardware store. The PocketRocket was very weak at that temperature, some improvement noticed when warm hands placed on the cold canister.
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Harvard University endowment Harvard has the largest university endowment in the world. In terms of endowment per student, it ranks third in the U. Moreover, the honors of “John Harvard Scholar” and “Harvard College Scholar” would now be given only to the top 5 percent and the next 5 percent of each class. September Harvard is a founding member of the Association of American Universities [ ] and remains a research university with “very high” research activity and a “comprehensive” doctoral program across the arts, sciences, engineering, and medicine.
The Harvard University Library System is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises nearly 80 individual libraries holding over 18 million volumes.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6, undergraduate students and about 15, post graduate ished in and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States’ oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world’s most.
Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples from BC expansion into the southern Low Countries by BC The deteriorating climate in Scandinavia around BC, that further deteriorated around BC, might have triggered migration of Germanic tribes from the North. By the time this migration was complete, around BC, a few general cultural and linguistic groups had emerged. They would later develop into the Frisii and the early Saxons. This group consisted of tribes that would eventually develop into the Salian Franks.
Some scholars have speculated that even a third ethnic identity and language, neither Germanic nor Celtic, survived in the Netherlands until the Roman period, the Iron Age Nordwestblock culture,   that eventually was being absorbed by the Celts to the south and the Germanic peoples from the east. The Rhine became fixed as Rome’s northern frontier around 12 AD. Notable towns would arise along the Limes Germanicus: The area to the north of the Rhine, inhabited by the Frisii, remained outside Roman rule but not its presence and control , while the border tribes Batavi and Cananefates served in the Roman cavalry.